Tuesday, August 17, 2010



HeliumSurgical procedures for hymen replacement

The hymen (also called maidenhead ) is a fold of mucous membrane which surrounds or partially covers the external vaginal opening. It was also the name for the Greek god of marriage, " Hymenaios. It forms part of the vulva, or external genitalia. An English slang term is " cherry", as in "popping one's cherry" (losing one's virginity). However, it is not possible to confirm that a woman or post- pubescent girl is not a virgin by examining the hymen.. In cases of suspected rape or sexual abuse, a detailed examination of the hymen may be carried out; however, the condition of the hymen alone is often inconclusive or open to misinterpretation, especially if the patient has reached puberty. The most common formation of the hymen is crescentic or crescent-shaped, although several other formations are possible. After a woman gives birth she may be left with remnants of the hymen called carunculae myrtiformes or the hymen may be completely absent.

There are several different formations of the hymen, some more common than others. In about 1 in 2000 females, the hymen fails to develop any opening at all: this is called an imperforate hymen and if it does not spontaneously resolve itself before puberty a physician will need to make a hole in the hymen to allow menstrual fluids to escape. A hymenotomy may also be required if the hymen is particularly thick or inelastic as it may interfere with sexual intercourse.

The shape of the hymen is easiest to observe in girls past infancy but before they reach puberty: at this time their hymen is thin and less likely to be redundant , that is to protrude or fold over on itself.

When describing the shape of a hymen, a clock face is used. The 12 o'clock position is below the urethra, and 6 o'clock is towards the anus, which is based on the patient lying on her back.

Most common forms of the hymen:

• crescent-shaped, crescentic, or posterior rim: no hymenal tissue at the 12 o'clock position; narrow band of tissue starts at 1 or 2 o'clock going clockwise, is at its widest around 6 o'clock, and tapers off at 10 or 11 o'clock

• annular, or circumferential: the hymen forms a ring around the vaginal opening; especially common in newborns

• redundant; sometimes sleeve-like: folds in on itself, which sometimes causes it to protrude; most common in infancy and at/following puberty due to estrogen levels; can be combined with other type such as "annular and redundant"

Less common forms:

• fimbriated or denticular: an irregular edge to the hymenal orifice; more likely at an age when estrogen is present

• septate: the hymen has one or more bands extending across the opening

• cribriform, or microperforate: the hymen stretches completely across the vaginal opening, but is perforated with several holes

• labial, or vertical: hymen has an opening from the 12 to the 6 o'clock positions and can look similar to a third set of vulvar lips

• imperforate: hymen completely covers vaginal orifice; will require minor surgery if it has not corrected itself by puberty to allow menstrual fluids to escape

The hymen is torn or stretched by penetrative sex, and more so when a woman gives birth vaginally.

• parous introitus refers to the vaginal opening which has had a baby pass through it and consequently has nothing left of its hymen but a fleshy irregular outline decorating its perimeter; these tags are called carunculae mytriformes.

Development of the hymen
During the early stages of fetal development there is no opening into the vagina at all. The thin layer of tissue that covers the vagina at this time usually divides to a certain extent prior to birth, forming the hymen. That layer was the Müllerian eminence before, and thus, the hymen is a remnant of that structure.

In newborn babies, who are still under the influence of the mother's hormones, the hymen is thick, pale pink, and redundant (folds in on itself and may protrude). For the first two to four years of life, the infant produces hormones which continue this effect.

By the time a girl reaches school-age, this hormonal influence has stopped and the hymen becomes thin, smooth, delicate and almost translucent. It is also very sensitive to touch; a physician who needed to swab the area would avoid the hymen and swab the outer vulval vestibule instead.

From puberty onwards the appearance of the hymen is affected once more by estrogen. It thickens and becomes pale pink, the opening is often fibriated or erratically shaped, and redundant: the hymen often appears rolled or sleeve-like.

There is a surgical procedure that can repair the hymen so that it is intact. The procedure, known as hymenoplasty, has become a popular procedure for some females.

What might damage the hymen

The hymen may be damaged by playing sports, using tampons, pelvic examinations or even straddle injuries.

Once a girl reaches puberty, the hymen tends to become quite elastic. It is not possible to determine whether a woman uses tampons or not by examining her hymen. Sexual intercourse is one of the most common ways to damage the hymen, although in one survey only 43% of women reported bleeding the first time they had sex; which means that in the other 57% of women the hymen likely stretched enough that it didn't tear (or that bleeding was not noticed by the partners).

It is common to damage the hymen through physical activities such as horseback riding and biking. In fact, biking is the most common way to rupture the hymen through physical activity. Contrary to popular belief, the breaking of the hymen is not necessarily an indicator of the loss of virginity.

Rupture Of Hymen

Full penetration ruptures the hymen. Slight bleeding happens and woman may feel some pain along with immense

pleasure. In case of rupture of hymen, intercourse should not be done on that night, however; if she does not feel much pain then with her will and agreement, this could be done on the same night. Other wise give one or more day for healing of the wound. If bleeding does not happen then don't worry since there are so many reasons of not having bleeding by the women during rupture of hymen. In some women this layer is absent since birth. Some of women get rupture of their hymen with out bleeding. Some girls lose their hymen while playing while other girls lose them while cleaning after menstruation has been over. Even some women have much elastic hymen that does not rupture during intercourse however; it gets ruptures at the time of delivery. Woman gets much pain during initial four to 5 copulations, however; after that she does not feel pain and then she get only pleasure. Before ejaculation, transparent drops come out from penis. This is not a disease. They are secreted via Cowper's glands and it makes sperms to come out easily after swimming through it. Due to its secretion the urethra or urine tube gets lubricated and the semen can come out easily.

Some times vagina becomes extremely narrow and this happens due to sexual stimulation. It happens since there have been blood collection at the entrance of vagina which makes it swollen and narrow. In this condition, the penetration becomes very difficult. If it happens then after 20-30 minutes foreplay, enter the index finger in side the vagina that must be slippery and with out long nails. While entering the finger ask the wife to relax the muscles of vagina. It will give less pain. Keep finger inside static fro some times and move out after some times. When wife becomes able to bear it then enter two fingers next to thumb inside vagina and wife relaxes the vaginal muscles. After some times move them in and out. It would results in rupture of hymen usually. Slight bleeding and pain would happen but it might produce immense sexual excitement. When wife bears two fingers then penetration would becomes easier.

Debunking myths

• The condition of the hymen is not a reliable indicator of whether a woman past puberty has actually engaged in sexual intercourse.

• It is generally a myth that girls are born without a hymen. However, a hymen can vary in size, and, as described above, be very hard to find, even if the person has never had sex before.

• The hymen is not inside the vagina. It is part of the external genitalia.

• In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, medical researchers have used the presence of the hymen, or lack thereof, as founding evidence of physical diseases such as " womb-fury". If not cured, womb-fury would, according to these early doctors, result in death. The cure, naturally enough, was marriage, since a woman could then go about having sexual intercourse on a "normal" schedule that would stop womb-fury from killing her. hence opening her hymen.


Not everything must have an evolutionary significance. Human (and other animals') anatomy is riddled with vestiges. I would say the hymen is an embryological vestige, nothing more. It can be a nuisance too, imperforate hymens can cause inability to menstruate normally.

If you want to lump cultural "significance" in with evolutionary significance, then I suppose you could say all sorts of thing about this otherwise useless membrane.

Not everything must have an evolutionary significance. Human (and other animals') anatomy is riddled with vestiges. I would say the hymen is an embryological vestige, nothing more. It can be a nuisance too, imperforate hymens can cause inability to menstruate normally.

What is the evolutionary significance of the female hymen? How does it aid in the survival of the human race?

This is a wonderful question.

An American zoologist suggests that the hymen has evolved as a protective mechanism so that a woman does not to rush into intercourse until a stronger pair-bond, with deep emotional commitment, has been established with a man. From a probability standpoint, this behavior allows a woman a greater likelihood, of the man sticking around to take care of her, their child and forming a family unit.

Another related feature, and one that appears to be unique to our speices, is the retention of the hymen or maidenhead in the female. In lower mammals it occurs as an embryonic stage in the development of the urogenital system, but as part of the naked ape’s neoteny it is retained. Its persistence means that the first copulation in the life of the female will meet with some difficulty. When evolution has gone to such lengths to render her as sexually responsive as possible, it is at first sight, strange that she should also be equipped with what amounts to an anti-copulatory device. But the situation is not as contradictory as it may appear. By making the first copulation attempt difficult and even painful, the hymen ensures that it will not be indulged in lightly. Clearly, during the adolescent phase, there is going to be a period of sexual experimentation, of ‘playing the field’ in search of a suitable partner. Young males at this time will have no good reason for stopping short of full copulation. If a pair-bond does not form, they have not committed themselves in any way and can move on until they find a suitable mate. But if young females were to go so far without pair-formation, they might very well find themselves pregnant and heading straight towards a parental situation with no partner to accompany them. By putting a partial brake on this trend in the female, the hymen demands that she shall have already developed a deep emotional involvement before taking the final step, an involvement strong enough to take the initial physical discomfort in its stride.

Procedure For Hymenoplasty
The hymenoplasty procedure is done under local anesthesic. While tissue dissection to prevent small blood vessels from bleeding, the areas which were torn is torn are removed. This is so that they will grow back together when they are approximated with stitches. Then after they are denuded, the edges are brought back together to reform the star-shaped "ring" as it was prior to relations, accident etc. It is made small enough, so that when first sexual relations occur later on, it will "tear" again, there will be some pain, and there will be bleeding.

Resumption of normal activity is immediate.
Slight, but a possibility of over- recession, causing pain during intercourse.

Alloplant: If you hymen can't not be restore, a Tear-through biomaterial will be insert and act as your hymen. Hymen implant is an easy procedure than can be done under local anesthetic and as a day case surgery. It takes less than two hour and patient can return to work the next day. It is not easy to notice it is not a real hymen.


The term may cover at least four significantly different types of procedure:

• A purely cosmetic procedure in which a membrane without blood supply is created, sometimes including a gelatine capsule of an artificial bloodlike substance. This operation is intended to be performed within a few days before an intended marriage.

• Use of a flap of the vaginal lining, complete with its blood supply, to create a new hymen. Patients are advised to refrain from penetrative sex for up to three months following these procedures.

• The term hymen reconstruction has also been used to describe some varieties of infibulation, requiring further surgery before penetration is possible.


A hymenotomy is a minor medical procedure involving the surgical removal or opening of the hymen. It is done to treat imperforate hymen or other situations where the hymen is unusually thick or rigid. In the case of a person who has a hymen which has no opening, an opening may be created in order to facilitate menstruation. In situations where the opening is small, the individual may elect for hymenotomy to allow for sexual penetration of their vagina.

Such procedures are not generally regarded as part of mainstream gynecology, but are available from some plastic surgery centres, particularly in the USA, Japan and Western Europe, generally as day surgery. The normal aim is to cause bleeding during post-nuptial intercourse, which in some cultures is a required proof of virginity.

Availability and legality

Some hymen reconstruction operations are legal in some countries, while other countries ban all hymenorrhaphy. Infibulation is in general illegal.

In the United States of America, hymen restoration is available in private clinics and becoming slightly more common.

In France, some of the cost is reimbursed by the state in cases of rape or trauma. One French doctor stated that such reimbursement claims were mostly fraudulent.

Price of Hymen repair

Many surgeon offer Hymenoplasty. It could be done in local anesthetic and require no hospitalization. Depend on the location and surgeon, it could cost as little as $1,800 to $5,000.

Here is some information of the cost of hymen repair .

Hymeonplasty Cost:

Depending on your geographic location and choice of surgeon the price may range between $2500 - $4500.

Hymen Repair Surgery in Argentina , 9 nights - Cristal Palace Hotel accommodations and Billingual Assistant + Transportation has a price of USD 2435.

Hymen repair surgery with all anesthesia services, facility fees, and postoperative visits cost you $3900.

HeliumSurgical procedures for hymen replacement

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